Qigong Philosophical Reading and the Cultivation of Attention Chinese Contemplative Body Practices and Slow Philosophy
发表在：Sports, Ethics & Philosophy: Journal of the British Philosophy of Sport Association
Qigong practices are contemplative body practices and meditation techniques that emerge from Chinese philosophical, medical, and martial traditions. This paper argues that qigong is a kind of embodied philosophical activity that is analogous to the ‘slow philosophy’ called for by Michelle Boulous Walker. Four features of Walker’s slow philosophy are highlighted: (i) careful slowness, (ii) repetition, (iii) openness to transformation of one’s propositional attitudes and one’s virtues, and (iv) a blurring of boundaries between philosophy and non-philosophy. A particular qigong practice is then examined as a case study: Hunyuan Qigong (Hùnyuán qìgōng 混元氣功), a qigong form taught by the Chen-style taijiquan master Feng Zhiqiang(1928 – 2012) that involves the practitioner moving her body through multiple series of broadly circular movements. It is argued that qigong practices are examples of philosophical activity analogous to slow philosophical reading, that slow philosophical reading and qigong practice can be mutually illuminating and can help us better understand what doing philosophy is, and that qigong can transform us both by changing our philosophically significant propositional attitudes and by providing means of cultivating virtues related to attention.
Michelle Boulous Walker invites us to read philosophy slowly and carefully, returning to the same text again and again, sitting with it, both during and between each reading (Walker 2017). She invites us to cultivate an openness to what a text might teach us and to how it might transform us if we are willing to engage with it in ways that make such transformation possible.
Michelle Boulous Walker 邀我们慢慢地、仔细地阅读哲学，在阅读中和每次阅读之间反复重复读，坐着读 （Walker，2017）。她邀请我们培育一种开放心态，以便接受文章能教我们点什么。如果我们用一种容纳和参与的心态去接受的话这些文字也许能够转变我们。